12/06/2013 at 11:49 pm #2424
The Language TutorsKeymasterSentences with ‘si’ clauses
G A M E – SI CLAUSES
If you have read our lesson on ‘Si Clauses’ then you might like to practice forming these kinds of sentences here;
These are the main points to remember when it comes to choosing tenses and moods in sentences containing a ‘si’ (if) clause:
WHEN NOT TO USE THE SUBJUNCTIVE:
1) si + present tense + present tense: for things that are likely or for things that happen regularly
Si viene, no voy a quedarme. If he comes (and I think he will) I’m not staying.
Si llueve no trabajamos. If it rains we don’t work.
2) Si + present tense + future tense: for events that will occur (in the future) if the condition is met (in the present).
Si viene, no estaré feliz. If he comes, I won’t be happy.
3) Si + present tense + imperative/command form: to give an order (in the imperative) dependent on the condition being met (in the present).
WHEN TO USE THE SUBJUNCTIVE:
1) Si + imperfect subjunctive + the conditional: for hypothetical situations in the future and the present that are contrary to fact or very unlikely:
Si lloviera, no saldría. If it were to rain, I wouldn’t go out.
2) Si + pluperfect subjunctive + the conditional perfect or pluperfect subjunctive: For hypothetical situations in the past that are impossible or contrary to fact:
Si hubiera llovido … no habría salido. (or no hubiera salido.) If it had rained I wouldn’t have gone out.
HOW TO PLAY:
1) Translate the sentence left by the last player (this may be in English or Spanish) choosing the correct tenses and moods to give an accurate translation.
2) Post a picture if you’d like.
3) Leave a new sentence in Spanish or English for the next player that includes a ‘si’ clause.
4) Check that your sentence has: An event + si + a result. or A result + si + an event.
I’ll get us started:
Given Sentence: If I were you I’d keep quiet.
If I were you I’d keep quiet: Si yo fuera en lugar de ti, me callaría. (If I was in your place, I’d keep quiet.)
I would be happy if the dog would stay away from my garden.
Learn English Spanish Online posted …
Nice one Saige 🙂
Given: I would be happy if the dog would stay away from my garden.
Translated: Me alegraria sí el perro pudiera quedarse lejos de mi jardin
New Sentence: She threatened him not to say a word to anyone.
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